Letters, Syllables, Phrases and Sentences is the first topic  we are going to learn in Some Basic Concepts of English Grammar. In the next chapter we shall study Kinds of Sentences.

Letters, Syllables, Phrases, Clause and Sentences, english grammar

Letters:

There are twenty six (26) letters in English. They can be classified into two groups:
  1. Vowels - The letters that can be pronounced without the help of any other letters are called Vowels. They are five - a, e, i, o, u.
  2. Consonants - The remaining 21 letters are called Consonants. They cannot be pronounced without the help of a Vowel.
Note –and Y are the two letters that can be used both as Vowels and Consonants.

Words:

Any sounds produced by the mouth, which has a meaning, is called a Word. A word is formed by one or more letters.

Syllables:

The part of a word pronounced in one instance is called a Syllable. A word can have one or more sylables. E.g.:
  • Words of one syllable : you, me, go, run, sit, take, back, etc.
  • Words of two syllables : Fa-ther, Mo-ther, Wa-ter, Mon-key, beau-ty, etc.
  • Words of more than two syllables : Beau-ti-ful, De-mo-cra-cy, po-ssi-bi-li-ty, etc.

Sentence:

A combination of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence. 
-- J. C. Nestfield

A group of words which makes complete sense is called a Sentence. 
-- Wren and Martin

Phrase:

A combination of words that makes sense, but not complete sense, is called a Phrase. 
-- J. C. Nestfield

A group of words which makes sense but not complete sense, is called a Phrase. 
-- Wren and Martin 
E.g.: of great courage, at the door, sands of time, etc.

Clause:

A group of words which forms part of a sentence, and contains a subjects and a predicate, is called a Clause. 
-- J. C. Nestfield 
E.g.:
  • He said that he was not well.
  • Do you know the man who came here yesterday?