In the previous lesson, we have learnt Quantitative Expressions and the Verbs, and we have also covered Verb ‘to be’ and the Compliment. We have explained the rules of agreement of Subject and Verb. In addition to these, there are also some rules of agreement between Nouns, Pronouns and Possessive Adjectives. We are going to learn all of them in this lesson with rules.

nouns pronouns and possessive adjectives

Rule 1 — First Person Pronoun

  • First Person Pronoun Singular Number ‘I’ takes ‘me, my, mine, myself’.
  • First Person Plural ‘We’ takes ‘our, us, ours, ourselves’. As –
  1. I shall do it myself.
  2. I shall have my chance.
  3. We shall do it ourselves.
  4. We shall have our chance.

Rule 2 — Second Person Pronoun

Second Person Pronoun ‘you’ remains the same both in Singular and Plural Numbers. It takes ‘your, yours, yourself, yourselves’. As –
  1. You can do it yourself.
  2. You should do your work.

Rule 3 — Third Person Pronoun: Masculine/Feminine, Singular/Plural Number.

  • Third Person, Singular Number, Masculine Gender takes ‘he, him, his, himself’.
  • Third Person, Singular Number, Feminine Gender takes ‘she, her, hers, herself’.
  • Nouns of Neuter Gender and most of the animals in the Singular Number take ‘it, its, itself’.
  • Third Person Plural Number, both in Masculine and Feminine Genders, all Neuter Nouns and all animals in Plural Number take ‘They, them, their, theirs, themselves’. As –
  1. He will do his work himself.
  2. She will do her work herself.
  3. Those boys will do their work themselves.
  4. Those girls will do their work themselves.
  5. This book is mine. I lent it to you some time back.
  6. Those books are mine. I lent them to you some time back.
  7. Every student has completed his work.

Rule 4 — Common Gender

Some Nouns are of Common Gender, i.e., they can be used both in the Masculine and Feminine Genders. With such nouns Masculine Pronoun is mostly used. These Nouns of Common Gender are :
Person, student, pupil, candidate, member, scholar, reader, etc. As –
  1. A candidate should know his strong and weak points.
  2. A student should do his home work regularly.
  3. Readers are advised to keep their belongings outside.
But if in a definite context the suggestion is clearly for a girl or a woman, Feminine Pronoun can be used. As –
  1. A student of the Women's College should be regular in her work.
  2. Every member of our club should pay her fee in time.

Rule 5 — Baby, child

The words Baby and Child connote no sense of Gender. Therefore, for them we generally use ‘It’. As –
  1. The small child was crying for its mother.
  2. The baby fell down from its cradle.

Rule 6 — Animal

Neuter Gender ‘It’ is generally used for animals. As –
  1. The cow is not in its shed.
  2. The dog has hurt its leg.
Note :– For pet domestic animals he/his or she/her are used.

Rule 7 — Possessive: His, Her, Its

The Gender of Possessive Pronoun/Adjective is determined by the gender of the noun that comes before it, and not by the one that comes after it. As –
  1. A son must obey his mother. (not her mother).
  2. A girl can learn many things from her father. (not his father).
  3. The purse has been returned to its owner. (not his owner).
Note :– The difference between a Possessive Pronoun and Possessive Adjective is that –
  • Possessive Adjective takes a Noun after it. i.e., My book, your house, his pen, their college.
  • Possessive Pronoun has no Noun after it. As – This book is mine. This house is yours. This pen is his. This college is theirs.

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