Relative Pronoun

 In the previous lesson, we have gone through Collective Noun And The Verb and there we have covered Some Typical Nouns and the Verb as well. In this chapter, we shall go through one of the most important chapter called Relative Pronoun and the Verb, we shall start with Rule 14, a continuance from the previous Chapter.

Rule 14 –

If the Subject of a Verb is a Relative Pronoun (who, whom, whose, which, that), the verb is used according to the Number and Person of the Antecedent (i.e. Noun or Pronoun used before it). As –
  1. I, who am your friend, should help you.
  2. You, who is my friend, should help me.
  3. He, who is your friend, should help you.
  4. The pen, which is in your hand, is mine.
  5. The book, that is on the table, is very interesting.
  6. He is one of those boys who work very hard.

Rule 15 –

If a Plural Noun denotes a definite quantity or number, or amount, or distance, or if it denotes the name of a country or title of a book, it takes a Singular Verb with it. As –
  1. The United States of America is the most powerful country.
  2. Gulliver's Travels is a novel of adventure.
  3. Sixty miles is not a long distance for a motorist.
  4. Hundred dollars is a huge sum.
  5. Four quintals is a heavy load for a camel.

Rule 16 –

There are certain things which are made of two major parts. Such things are supposed to be in Plural Number and a Plural Verb is used with them. (Such common things are – Trousers, Scissors, Spectacles, Shears, Tongs, etc). As –
  1. Your trousers are dirty.
  2. Your scissors are blunt.
  3. The tongs are missing.
  4. Where are your spectacles
Notes:– These things can also be referred to as A pair of....... In that case, only a Singular Verb will be used. As –
  1. A pair of trousers is ready for you.
  2. A pair of scissors is on the table.

Rule 17 —

If the Subject of a sentence is some infinitive/gerund/phrase/clause, only a Singular Verb will be used. As –
  1. Walking is a good exercise.
  2. To work hard is his lot.
  3. How to reach there is the problem.
  4. That he is honest is known to all.

Rule 18 —

There are certain adjectives which, when joined with the Article 'the' become Plural Nouns. They take the Verb in the Plural Number. The more common of these adjectives are – Poor, rich, humble, blind, honest, dumb, etc. As –
  1. The poor are honest. (“The poor” means “poor men”)
  2. The rich are not used to physical labour. (“The rich” means “rich men”)
  3. The dumb do not speak.
  4. The virtuous are respected.

Rule 19 —

If in a certain sentence the Subject carries its Apposition with it, the Verb will be used according to the actual Subject, not according to its Apposition. As –
  1. I, the Manager of the Mill, am not happy with your work.
  2. You, my servant, are not loyal to me.
  3. He, your teacher, was here yesterday.
  4. We, your students, are playing a match today.
Note:– Apposition is the word or phrase used to explain or identify the Subject. In the above sentence, 'the Manager of the Mill' is the Apposition of the Subject ‘I’. Similarly, 'my servant', 'your teacher', 'your students' are Apposition.

Rule 20 —

When Adjectives of Quantity (much, more, little, less) are used as Subjects, they take a Singular Verb. As –
  1. Much has already been done.
  2. Little has been dine so far.
  3. Much more is still needed.
  4. Much less was expected.